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Introduction to Teaching Spoken English to Chinese Middle School Students

(A lecture [to be] given in Beijing to foreign ESL teachers, by Petko Hinov [韩裴])

Spoken English is, in the conviction of Chinese students themselves, more difficult to “acquire”
than written English. In my communication with the students I have witnessed that from
a relatively high level of expression in writing they drop to a uncommonly low level of listening
comprehension and ability to express their thoughts in English. Every time their effort is
checked by the mother tongue code which powerfully commands their linguistic ability. What
they lack, most of all, is the faith they can do well.
Understanding some of the typical problems of the middle school students of China
would, in my opinion, be beneficial to teaching English to them itself. Apart from personal gifts
for language learning, there are objective reasons for that, and one of the most essential ones
is: time.

I will try to put that in very simple terms: the Chinese pupil is overloaded with work. Most
of the students live in their school and apart from their duties as students they have additional
tasks, arising from their need to take care of themselves being away from home. Roughly, the
day begins at 6 am, lessons begin at 7 am; there are 4-5 periods before noon and then, there is
a lunch break of about 2 hours which the students usually expend on a much-needed nap. Then
they have the afternoon periods (4) and the so called wanxiu, evening self-preparatory classes.
Practically, their school day ends at 9:30 and so ends also their day. The next day is a totally
regular repetition of the previous one. Put yourselves in their shoes and try to understand how
strenuous and tenacious a child of 10-14 years must be to maintain his/her interest in education
and acquiring knowledge, under those circumstances. The natural reaction toward such pressure,
in any adolescent soul, would be far from positive, if not aversion, then hard feelings
against books and teachers.
Quite logically, the foreign language training, being a part of the Chinese educational system,
would fall into much the same routine as the rest of the school disciplines. One of my stu -
dents told me he was a Chinese, therefore he needed no English in China, in fact I could feel he
felt aversion toward English. This was not a typical case, but it is a good illustration of what results
pressure and standards in education can yield in an otherwise traditionally knowledgethirsty
nation. Of course, most children would respond positively to your teaching, and if you
ask them which their favourite subject is they would say: English. The Chinese are naturally
thirsty for knowledge. As a matter of fact, Chinese children expect a different type of English
education. Many of my students and colleagues have shared this expectation. Students cannot
be sufficiently motivated by mere necessity to achieve good results at their exams, although
this may be the primary goal for many students. It is the teacher in his/her integrity of character
as a Teacher, who must command their respect and relate himself/herself to his/her students in
such a manner, that they would feel at home in his lessons and would keep an open heart toward
his words, towards the tasks he/she offers them.

Positive traits of the Chinese student

– openness and friendliness; they will greet you immediately upon seeing you; treasure
this attitude, don’t think it won’t change and they can’t be unfriendly; snatch at this first
positive impression and develop it; the best way to engage those qualities is to love your
students, love them as though they are your own children. If your heart is sincere, the students
will feel it and will love you in return. This, in my poor experience, is the best way
to achieve cooperation with your students. Let them feel you want to help them! I
offered my students the opportunity to ask me questions whenever and wherever they
see me. If you are not entirely devoted to them, it would not be surprising if they would
gradually “ebb away” from you. If you do love them and are kind and helpful to them
not only in class, but everywhere, they will consolidate with you and eventually become
your good friends. Friendship is the most excellent basis for teaching. Education should
be bi-directional, teaching should not be the mere communication of knowledge, but
mutuality, sharing knowledge and accepting knowledge. If you ask the students questions
about Chinese or their country, they will be the readier to ask for and acquire
knowledge from you. The Chinese are not individualists, they are socially oriented and
you will notice in the school-yard they go together, eat together, speak together. Togetherness
is the finest medium for giving them knowledge. They will greet you on the
bus stop, they will smile to you wherever they meet you and that would be the reflec -
tion of your own kindness and open-heartedness to them. So, don’t be inaccessible,
don’t try to represent a respectable teacher who is above the students; be one of them.
At the same time don’t be too easy to get at, nor too familiar, or you might make yourself
a fool. The Chinese respect those who respect themselves without being supercilious
and haughty; keep a prudent closeness and a prudent distance at the same time
with wisdom, and you shall exude the fragrance of maturity which should command
their respect in a subtle, but tangible way.
– Studiousness: they are ready to receive information, if presented in a vivid and attractive
way. Modern students are very fond of non-textual teaching, probably because the
amounts of text they have to assimilate is enormous. Even when in the best of mood,
they unwillingly obey you when you tell them to turn to page N. of the textbook. They
are, on the other hand, quite willing to watch videos or listen to music, so if you could
append music or/and videos to your lesson, that would give a rise to their interest towards
your teaching. Their natural interest to the English language is most likely stirred
by Western pop-music and films, so be prepared to be asked about Michael Jackson and
other “stars”.

It is a good idea to cooperate with your colleague ESL teachers over China by internet, by
exchanging experience and teaching materials. This would eventually enrich both them and
your own practical experience. I am strongly in favour of our cooperation in the future.

Deficiencies of the Chinese student

– Lack of proper language environment: unpractised ear and difficulty in pronouncing the
English words (these difficulties may be systematised according to the local dialect
which the students speak, for example the Sichuan student would find it hard to distinguish
between N/L in both listening and speaking;) Sometimes the Chinese pupils would
find it hard to understand even a simplest phrase or words they already know. The reason
for this is that most Chinese students learn English from Chinese teachers, whose accent
is, naturally, Chinese. The moment they face a native speaker (who is speaking in
his natural way and with a proper accent), they become very perplexed and have a feeling
that their efforts were next to wasted. Help the students by speaking very slowly,
with very good articulation and audibly. The classrooms are big and the students can’t
always hear well. Always ask for feedback: did they understand, have they any
questions. Provoke their questions by playing with words, or making them see in other
ways that learning English can be “fun.” Offer them as many opportunities you can for
listening to good, well-pronounced English. If you can add Chinese to your explanations,
that would be a very winsome feature of your teaching: the Chinese students love to
hear a foreigner speak their own language.
– repetition and imitation as a limiting practise. One of my last resorts in teaching English
to Chinese students who are disinterested in making an effort to think, is to read to
them a text which they should repeat after me. This is not the best, but sometimes the
only way to keep a class in a non-insurgent state. Don’t limit your teaching with a textbook:
improvise it, add your own contents—you purpose is to galvanise them to be active
and positive. There are factors that contribute to the inability or unwillingness of the
students to cooperate: fatigue, the impending weekend, the approaching tests etc.
Sometimes even a personal conflict could influence the whole atmosphere in a class. I
was always trying to understand the students’ way of thinking: why in given circumstances
they would behave like this or that. And I was always using condescension
rather than strictness, while trying to act on the conscience of my students, making
them feel they are hurting me when they are bad in my class. In most classes there are
“colourful” students who “give the pitch” and suppress the initiative of other, usually
better students.
– collective shyness, lack of initiative, lack of confidence. Very few of my students are active
in class. One or two really good students, who had a higher self-confidence, were
active. But the others were lethargic most of the time. One of the reasons is that they
are very much afraid of making mistakes. So I had to develop a little “error theory” to
encourage them. I had to convince them that mistakes are a necessary part of learning
English. I even asked them to make mistakes, to be brave to speak their mind without
hesitation, by telling them that their mistakes will let me know how I can help them
overcome these. They understood me; but the diffidence was still present in most
classes. In all cases your approach should be: never get tired or lose patience repeating
the same principle: “I want you to make mistakes without being bashful; we are friends
who help each other, so I don’t mind your errors, I will always patiently help you, etc.”:
explain to them the reason for these mistakes, joke with them about the mistakes, let
them feel at ease with them; in my humble opinion, a good teacher would love his students
the more for their courage to endeavour, despite of the errors they make.
At the end, I would like to emphasise that there is no necessity to be uniform or insistent
on teaching the same thing to all classes and students. In my experience, every lesson with
every class is a little drama in which we all act. I always try to give my students the feeling that
we are not having the lesson, but we are living it. The words, the phrases, every action of ours
is not theory, not a model for imitation, nothing which they would be criticised for not learning
or praised for learning (well, sometimes we do need praise!), but a small “life-time”. That is
why even when I have many classes per day, I always feel exhilarated after my contact with my
students, because I always live a lifetime with them and find out something unusual about
them.
I learned to adapt quickly to the level of my classes (I teach the same lesson 10-20 times
per week,) on account of which my teaching is almost ALWAYS different in the different
classes.) Rigidity is a bad approach to the Chinese students, because it is the dominating model.
I left strictness to their Chinese teachers. I prepare my lessons with the utmost diligence and
usually I employ more than the textbook suggests, which gives me the opportunity to switch to
something more apposite for the moment. I depend on my students as much as they depend
on me, and I demand of them according to their good conscience. Sometimes their behaviour
decides my course of action. Sometimes the lesson, the effort might seem futile, but there is
no success or failure in a class. My purpose is to create for them a vivid language atmosphere.
Finding the common, the interesting subject is the key to that. Even if you can’t interest them,
your English speech will resound in them (consciously or subconsciously) and will leave beneficial
traces there.

Finding an apartment as well as finding roommates in China isn’t as easy as it seems, albeit much easier than in your own country. Strangely enough, most of us end up living with complete strangers out of necessity. In our own countries, usually we can’t imagine ourselves checking out the classifieds for roommates. For one thing, in the USA, even though we have lots of great and mild tempered normal people, you could be moving in with a crackhead-ax-murderer-child-molester, and I’m sure those exist elsewhere as well, I am just presently speaking for my own country for fear of reprehension. Here in China, we end up finding apartments with roommates we don’t know, or have to move to a city alone to find one. Here are some tips for people for finding roommates in China because we know that just like everywhere else, there are bad roommates in China as well, both expat and Chinese.

First of all, go meet the roommate, and be realistic. If you don’t get along with them within the first few minutes, it’s probably not going to work out. Some people can grow on you but it’s better not to take the chance.

1. Be open-minded but be realistic- Be open to living with people from other cultures but be aware of what kind of person you can live with. If you hate cat people, living with someone who has a litter of kittens is a bad idea. If you are a hardcore vegetarian moving in with a butcher, this might cause problems. If you don’t like the way girls act, don’t live with girls. If you think that guys are messier, then maybe it’s not smart to live with guys. If you hate smoking, be up front about it.

2. Discuss expenses upfront- If you want to pay for cable TV, make sure everyone else does too so you aren’t pushing people to buy something they don’t want. If you want to pay to have a house cleaner, make sure it’s something everyone else is willing to pay for as well or you will end up paying alone.

3. Discuss “friends” up front- Let’s be adult for a moment because many people get into confrontations about this. Many single people sometimes bring people home with them or have a girlfriend or boyfriend who stays over a few nights a week. It’s a good idea to be clear about it from the beginning, otherwise you have people inviting their girlfriends to move in without consulting you, or maybe you have some dude on your couch for a month.

4. Discuss parties up front- If you don’t like parties in your apartment be clear about this from the get-go. Some people like them, some don’t. You need to be honest about your lifestyle. Be straightforward or you will run into lots of trouble later if you are the one who comes home from work or wakes up in the morning to find drunk and loud people sitting in your living room.

5. Be honest- This is the biggest mistake people make when they first meet their roommates. If you smoke, don’t hide it and then later hang out in your room puffing away. If you get off work and like to go to bed early and don’t like noise, you need to mention that. So many problems can be avoided by being up front. If you like to go out right after work and sleep in late on the weekends, then discussing your schedule is a good idea if the other roommate likes to wake up and practice the flute at 7am Saturday morning. Don’t paint a rosy picture of yourself as an obsessive compulsive cleaner if you don’t even know how to use the mop.

Find ESL jobs in these following cities

Beijing (121)

My China experience began as I battled my way through scores of emails from recruiters and schools across the Middle Kingdom. I had sent my resume to hundreds of potential employers as I searched for my first job opportunity in China. In response, I received a giant raft of emails from interested parties. This may sound like I am trumpeting myself as a world-class educator, but I am making the point more to illustrate that for prospective teachers coming to China there can be a plethora of options and no easy way to make an informed decision.

The greatest lesson I learned from my experiences in getting to China and my subsequent years living here, is that it is vital to (i) know why you are coming, (ii) know the details of the job you are taking, and (iii) to ensure these factors are compatible. To explain the importance of this, I would like to recount my own personal experiences and use those of others I have encountered here in China to paint profiles of the jobs available and the people who typically fill them. I fell into a trap that ensnares countless others. I looked for a “job in China.” At the time, I was still in England and China was, in my mind, one homogeneous block of mystery and potential adventure. I failed to understand that just like my home country the jobs on offer were varied and that just because I was offered a job here didn’t mean it was the right job for me.

I found my first job through a recruiter. The process was quick, smooth and remarkably easy. However, I didn’t really know what I was getting myself into. After a few days, I soon realized that the job I had taken was going to be a major challenge. The first aspect of this was the location. The town itself, Dawufeng, was a small industrial hovel (and I do not use this word lightly) about an hour away from Tianjin. I was the only English speaker in town and was at least one hour away from any other laowai. Even though my home-life was less than ideal, it was nothing compared to the job I had at school. I taught at both the local primary and middle schools. In both, the classes were made up of over 40 students. In the primary school I had an assistant who spoke some English, but in the middle school I was on my own. None of the Chinese English teachers spoke much more than the most basic English. The whole situation left me feeling overwhelmed and, at times, desperately unhappy.

The job in Dawufeng was clearly not the right fit for me. This is not, though, to say that another, better-suited teacher would not have enjoyed the experience – someone who was a more experienced teacher or who had better Chinese skills perhaps. Everyone has their own needs and motivations. By not understanding mine, I found myself in a situation that I did not enjoy. The first, and most vital, step for those looking to come to China is to understand why they are coming and to then seek the job that suits them best. Below, I have briefly outlined the ESL job-market here in China and how it might relate to those interested in heading east.

Public Sector
Let’s start with public schools and universities. There are two basic considerations here, holidays and salary. The salary in public schools is likely to be quite modest – as low as 4,000 or 5,000rmb in some cities (a little higher in Beijing or Shanghai). Universities tend to be a little higher, pushing closer to the 10,000 mark (both usually provide apartments as part of any package). However, the flipside to the lower compensation is that the holidays on offer are usually far longer, often taking in three summer months and lengthy periods at Spring Festival. Many – although certainly not all as I do not wish to generalize – of the teachers working in public education tend to fall into two categories.

• The first are youngsters, often straight out of university, who are using a teaching job as a base from which to see China. Being new to the workplace, these teachers are also less concerned about salary than some of their older counterparts. Most tend to get their jobs through recruiters – just as I did – or through organized schemes, such as that of the British Council that places teachers in schools around the country. (Many of the recruiters looking for this type of teacher, clearly state in their online ads the travel opportunities around the region in which the school is located).

• The second group features those focused more on making a difference and with a genuine commitment to education – perhaps often teachers in their home country. These are the type of teachers who would have been more successful than I was in Dawufeng, and, who would be best suited to slightly more remote areas of the country.

The teachers attracted to this sector will tend to be making a shorter commitment to China. This is reflected in the contracts available. Many can be as short as four to six months – often covering one semester – or, those that last a year, include an airfare home.

Private Sector
Now, let’s move onto the private sector, which includes local private schools as well as major international companies providing language training and teaching. In this sphere, the money is better, but the hours longer and demands greater. This is the sector that attracts those looking for a little more stability:

• The first group you may find working at major education companies are those for whom teaching overseas is a career or a longer-term commitment. This is because –on the back of Asia’s insatiable demand for English – many of the companies have grown into major corporations and can offer high salaries and genuine development opportunities. At the top end of the market, salaries may not yet quite match the levels of those in the west, but, with improved exchange rates, they are getting closer.

• This type of company often also attracts older professionals seeking career breaks or a change of pace, the chance to earn salaries that bear closer relation to those on offer at home, hence making the trip away a far less costly experience.

For many of the bigger companies involved, teachers are required to make commitments of at least a year. Therefore, many of the people involved are likely to be in China longer. This does not necessarily mean they will stay with the same company as, just as in any industry at home, there is competition for talent. This often creates a migration from the lower end of the market towards the better paid top end as teachers accrue experience in China.

Huangguoshu Waterfall (huáng guǒ shù pù bù 黄果树瀑布) is located on the Baishui River (bái shuǐ hé 白水河) at Zhenning Buyi and Miao Ethnic Minority Autonoumous County (zhèn níng bù yī zú miáo zú zì zhì xiàn 镇宁布依族苗族自治县), Anshun City (ān shùn shì 安顺市) of Guizhou Province (guì zhōu shěng 贵州省). It is the largest waterfall in China and Asia. It is crowned as the No. 1 Waterfall in China. And it is also ranked in the famous waterfall all over the world.

Huangguoshu Waterfall got its name because of a local plant, namely, the Yellow Fruit Tree (huáng guǒ shù 黄果树). It is famous for its greatness and the waterfall group. Huangguoshu Waterfall is the greatest one among them, which is 101 meters wide, with a drop of 67 meters. It is only waterfall that can be appreciated from different position. As early as in the Ming Dynasty (míng cháo 明朝), the geologist Xu Xiake (xú xiá kè 徐霞客) highly praised the Huangguoshu Waterfall. Because of the rich rain in Guizhou Province, the waterfall has never draught-up. In the rainy season, the water is like a curtain, through which you even cannot see the stones behind the waterfall. It is just like ten thousand horses galloping ahead.

Huangguoshu Waterfall is the only waterfall with a Water-Curtain Cave (shuǐ lián dòng 水帘洞) intersects the waterfall. The cave is 40 to 47 meters high behind the waterfall, in which there are 6 caves. The second cave is about 10 meters wide. You can enjoy the scene of the water flowing down. In the third cave you can clearly hear the noise of the waterfall, which is like a symphony pleasing to the ear. The fourth cave is also called Mopu Flat (mō pù tái 摸瀑台), on which you can touch the waterfall if you stretch your arms. Through the fourth cave, which is also the highest cave, you can see the green slope of Huaguoshan Mountain (huā guǒ shān 花果山).

The waterfall is falling from the lofty place and strike a deep pool below. It is said that there was once a rhinoceros landed from the pool, and also because of its rhinoceros-liked shape, hence the name Rhinoceros Pool (xī niú tán 犀牛潭). The pool was 11.1 meters deep, on both side of which there are various vegetations growing on the cliff.

Huangguoshu Waterfall
Location: No. 123, Huangguoshu Town, Anshun City, Guizhou Province

Transportation:
1. You can take a tourist bus at Guiyang Tourist Bus Station to get to Huangguoshu Waterfall, which will take you 2 hours
2. You can take a bus at Guiyang long-distance bus station to Anshun, and then take a minibus to Huangguoshu
Tips:
1. The best time for you to visit Huangguoshu Waterfall is in July and August, during which it is the rainy season, and the waterfall is greater than that of the other months.
2. You’d better take an umbrella when you visit the waterfall, otherwise you will be wet through. You also can bought a disposable raincoat in the scenic area.
3. The Rhinoceros Pool is an ideal place for you to take a photo.
Attractions nearby: Huajiang Canyou,Wulong Temple

 

Kunming, capital of Yunnan Province, is known as ‘the City of Eternal Spring’ for its pleasant climate and flowers blooming all year long. With a history of more than 2,400 years, Kunming was the gateway to the celebrated Silk Road that facilitated trade with Tibet, Sichuan, Myanmar and India. Today it is the political, economical and cultural center of Yunnan as well as the most popular tourist destination in southwest China.

Dianchi Lake

Kunming enjoys a pleasant climate and does its best to live up to its title of ‘the City of Eternal Spring’. Whenever you are planning to go, the temperature is always pleasant. With its convenient transport links in and out of the city, Kunming welcomes and sees off tens of thousands of tourists every day.

For first-time tourists Kunming city center is an attraction with its two squares and five interlaced roads – Jinma Biji Square, Dongfeng Square, Dongfeng Lu, Jinbi Lu, Zhengyi Lu, Renmin Lu and Qingnian Lu, among which Jinbi Square has the most eye-catching architecture. Qingnian Lu, Zhengyi Lu, and Renmin Lu are the main commercial areas in Kunming; the most popular pedestrian streets are Nanping Jie, Jingxing Huaniao Shichang, and Jinma Biji Fang.

Stone Forest

Kunming is the focal point of Yunnan minority culture. Some 26 ethnic minorities such as Yi, Bai, Miao, Dai, Hani and more inhabit the region. Each group has its own featured festivals such as the Torch festival of Yi people, the Golden Temple Fair and so on. The hugely successful 1999 International Horticultural Exposition enhanced Kunming’s influence in the world resulting in a snowball effect upon tourism as more and more foreigners come to discover this enchanting part of China.

Daguan Park

Its alluring highland scenery, bewitching karst landform, varied and exotic habitats and customs and places of historical interest can be found at major scenic spots such as Dianchi Lake, Stone Forest, the Village of Ethnic Culture, Grand View Pavilion, etc.

Kunming has more than one hundred star rated hotels and a variety of a thousand or so guest houses. These provide tourists a wide choice of somewhere to relax after whole day’s tour.

Kunming is also renowned for many delicious local dishes; the most famous ones are Across Bridge Rice Noodle and Xuanwei Ham. You can enjoy them both at local famous restaurants or the night market. In the night markets you will find many pubs, bars and cafes that serve good quality meals.

Lastly, do not forget to buy some locally produced souvenirs for your friends or family when you visit Kunming, such as ivory or wood carvings, minority tie dyings. You will find a variety of stores to meet your specified requirements.

Other Guide in Kunming:

 

The over 1000-year-old Tengwang Pavilion and the praised ‘Essay on Tengwang Pavilion’ ensure the fame of Nanchang, the capital city of Jiangxi Province. Nanchang literally means ‘a prosperous south part of China. It is located in the middle and lower reaches of the Yangtze River, bordering the Poyang Lake in the southwest, Guangdong and Fujian in the south and Jiangsu, Zhejiang and Hubei in the north. It lies between 115°27′-116°35′ east longitude and 28°09′-29°11′ north latitude. Nanchang covers a total area of 740.236 square kilometers with a population of 4,913,100.

Poyang Lake

Nanchang is a beautiful city with the Gan River, the mother river of local people, traversing through the whole city. Water is her soul or in other words water carries all her beauty. Lakes and rivers in or around Nanchang bring a special kind of charm to the city. Nanchang is honored as ‘a green pearl in the southern part of China’ thanks to its clear water, fresh air and great inner city virescence.
Nanchang is also a famous historical and cultural city with a history of over 2,200 years. It was belonged to the ancient Yangzhou during the period of Xia Dynasty (21st – 17th century BC), Shang Dynasty (17th – 11th century BC) and Zhou Dynasty (11th century BC – 221BC). It got the name of Nanchang during the Western Han (206BC – 24AD) Dynasty when the famous General Guanying built up Guan City at this area. Therefore, Nanchang was also called ‘Guanying City’ and ‘Guan City’ at that time. It also had the name of ‘Yuzhang’ (Han Dynasty) and ‘Hongdu’ (Sui and Tang Dynasty) in ancient China.

Mt. Jinggang

The city belongs to the sub-tropical monsoon climate with four clear seasons, longer summer and winter, shorter spring and autumn. It is hot and rainy during summer while cold and dry during winter. In contrast, spring and autumn are cool and pleasant. The annual average temperature is about 17C(63℉) with the highest in summer of 40C(104℉) and lowest in winter of -10C(14℉). There are abundant sunshine and rainfall in Nanchang. It has distinctive dry and rainy season. April to June gathers almost half of the Nanchang’s total precipitation of a year. The best times to travel to Nanchang is during spring due to the nice and comfortable weather.

When traveling in Nanchang, you can find many nice local products, such as Cloud and Fog Tea from Mount Lushan (Lushan Yuwucha), Lidu Writing Brush (Lidu Maobi), Lidu Wine, Nanfeng Honey Tangerine (Nanfeng Miju), Nanchang Rice Noodles, Frozen Rice Sugar, Jiangxi Rootarrowroot Flour, Qiyun Mountain ‎South jujube cake, Shitou Street Fried Dough Twists and Loquat. You can buy the as souvenirs or gifts for your friends and relatives. You can also learn much about the traditional culture of Nanchang through the local custom. Wanshou Worship Temple Fair and Longgang Uphill are two famous conventions in Nanchang. The Music Cultural Form of Nanchang Caicha Drama is also a highlight in Nanchang.

Nanchang is also famous for its delicious food. The traditional Nanchang Cuisine (Gan Cuisine) plays a very important role in Chinese food culture. When traveling in Nanchang, you should have a taste of Gan Cuisine. You can also enjoy other nice cuisines in Nanchang, like Sichuan Cuisine, Guangdong Cuisine, Hunan Cuisine, etc. It is a must for you to taste the nice snacks in Nanchang, such as Nanchang Rice Noodles and Shitou Jie Mahua.

Long and splendid history endows Nanchang with many cultural relics, among which the Tengwang Pavilion is the most famous. It is no exaggeration to say that Tengwang Pavilion is the pride of all the locals in Nanchang. Many men of letters left their handwritings here which tremendously enhance its classical charm. There are also many other beautiful attractions in Nanchang, such as    Lushan National Park, Dragon and Tiger Mountain, Mt.Jinggang and Poyang Lake.

Transportation in Nanchang City is convenient for passengers to travel around. Nanchang Changbei International Airport provides daily flights to Nanjing, Guangzhou, Shanghai, Fuzhou, Sanya, Beijing, Kunming, Guiyang, Qingdao, Chongqing, etc. Nanchang Railway Station has trains for Beijing, Shanghai, Xian, Chongqing, Shenyang and other cities daily. You can easily find long-distance buses traveling from Nanchang to cities, towns and counties within Jiangxi Province as well as Nanjing, Shenzhen, Hefei and other cites outside Jiangxi Province. Nanchang Port is the most important water transportation transfer point in Nanchang City. From Nanchang Port you can travel by ships to visit Poyang Lake, Stone Bell Hill, Poyang Lake Bird Protection Area, Dagu Hill and other attractions.

 

Other Guide in Nanchang:

German teacher for a public university in Nanchang city, Jiangxi province.

Native Oral English Teacher is needed in Jiangxi Province

 

Lying between the Yangtze River and Huaihe River, Hefei is the capital city of Anhui Province. Covering an area of 7,266 square kilometers (about 2,805 square miles), Hefei is the key tourist city of the whole province and the best place to know about the brilliant Anhui culture.

Baogong Temple

The ancient Hefei City, with a long history of over 2,000 years, was also nicknamed ‘Luzhou’ or ‘Luyang’ because it was under the governance of Luzhou prefecture in the Ming (1368 – 1644) and Qing (1644 – 1911) dynasties. Hefei is the political, economic and cultural center of Anhui Province and has played an important role in commercial transactions since ancient times. Due to its good surroundings and long history, many natural and cultural places of interests can be found in Hefei. The most famous one is undoubtedly the Memorial Temple of Lord Bao.

Ming Temple

Hefei is a beautiful city with good surroundings – the Huaihe River flows to its north, to its south is Yangtze River, and to its south- east lies the Chaohu Lake with its expansive blue waters. It exemplifies the good climate to be found in the area having a mild climate with clearly defined seasons and moderate rainfall. The average annual temperature is 15.7C (60.26F). As is known, every city in China has a city tree and a city flower and, in the case of Hefei, the Yulan tree is its city tree and the sweet-scented osmanthus, pomegranate flower is its city flower.

To better understanding the ingrained culture of Hefei, you have to watch the performances of the Lu Opera. Lu Opera is a popular local opera which originated in Hefei. It became an independent style of opera in the era of Emperor Jiaqing of the Qing Dynasty and evolved from many artistic forms such as folk songs and folk dances. The arias are rich and various, and the performance is vivid. ‘Natural and simple’ is what makes Lu Opera a popular drama appreciated by all. It is really a highlight you should never miss when visiting Hefei.

The Great Shu Mountain

If you are one of those people who regard food as their prime requirement, you should try the local delicious food and special cuisine which is on offer, whenever you pay a visit. Luzhou Roast Duck is the first recommended delicacy in Hefei and it tastes very good. Other special, high quality products will also satisfy your appetite such as Mabing (sesame cake), Honggao (baked cake), Cunjin (sesame cookie) and Baiqie (white sesame slices). Also, dumpling-making in Hefei is a delicate and intricate process and, there are various shapes of dumplings that will excite and satisfy your appetite.

Hefei is located in the centre part of East China, and its transportation system is well-developed. With the whole city’s transportation system linked by airport, railway and highway, a solid transportation network is at your service. Due to its fast development in recent years, transportation within and around Hefei is very convenient, especially for tourists.

Hefei is a scientific and educational city and boasts of many talents both past and present, such as the famous upright officer Lord Bao in Northern Song Dynasty (960-1127) along with the Nobel Prize for Physics winner, Yang Zhenning, whose hometown is Hefei. The University of Science and Technology of China, and the Hefei Branch of the Chinese Academy of Sciences are both located in Hefei. There is no doubt that talented people in Hefei are foremost in China.
 

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May Fourth Square

Qingdao, located in the southeast part of Shandong Province, is a beautiful seaside city with clear air and enchanting sea view. This city, bordered by the Yellow Sea on two sides, has the largest bathing beach in Asia and produces the mellow Qingdao Beer. To the east of Qingdao, a short distance across the Yellow Sea, lie Korea and Japan, making the city an important port for international trade.
For thirty three years, up to 1949, Qingdao was a colony of Germany and Japan. Thus, Qingdao has a great deal of European architecture. This foreign architecture -a remnant of the colonial past- now beautifies this seaside city.

No.1 Bathing Beach

The red roofs, green trees, blue sea, and azure sky form a bright and colorful picture of Qingdao. The city is sometimes known as the Switzerland of the Orient.

Surrounded by the sea on three sides, Qingdao attracts many tourists with its charming seascape. Sights like the Eight Passes Villas, Wusi Square, the Zhan Bridge, Mt. Laoshan, No.1 Bathing Beach, Badaguan Scenic Area will help you remember Qingdao. Just walking on the sand and listening to the surf breaking on the beach becomes enjoyable.

Zhan Bridge

Qingdao offers food with distinctive flavors–especially seafood. So take this chance to enjoy the delicious seafood of Qingdao. Also, Qingdao is the home of the famous Qingdao (Tsingtao) Beer. Have a bottle of pure Qingdao Beer right here in Qingdao!

The Qingdao Municipal Government recognizes the importance of the tourism industry and has further plans to develop tourism in Qingdao. To enhance the tourism industry, Qingdao now sponsors the Qingdao International Beer Festival, the Qingdao International Sea Festival, Beach Culture Festival, the Sea Affection Festival, and the Summer of Qingdao Festival.

Badaguan Scenic Area

 

In cooperation with the Beijing Olympic Games 2008, Qingdao held the Sailing Competition in the Olympic Games in 2008. This great event brings a great opportunity for this charming city to build its bright future.

 

 

Qingdao and Korea

Mt. Laoshan

Since the first Korean companies began doing business in Qingdao in 1988, Korean people have lived here. Thousands of Korean people now live and work here, which makes Qingdao the city with the most Korea investment enterprises in China. And Qingdao also has the largest Korean population in China. With years of cultural exchange, they have established deep, close friendships and mutual trust with the native Chinese people.
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Mogao Caves in Dunhuang

Situated near the common boundary of Gansu, Qinghai and Xinjiang, the historical city Dunhuang is a renowned tourist destination  famous for the Mogao Caves. Dunhuang, long ago referred to as ‘Sha Zhou’ (beautiful desert oasis), was the hub of middle and eastern silk routes in ancient times. The city landmark is an attractive statue, the idea of which comes from the mural in Mogao Caves, a shrine to the culture and arts of Dunhuang. From Mt.Qilian in the south, Mt. Mazong in the north and desert from east to west, the landform of Dunhuang City is a declining basin-plain from west to northeast, high in the north and south, and low in the middle. The western cities of China, especially those in the desert, are known for their sandstorms, so tourists should protect themselves with glasses, hats and gauze kerchiefs, etc.

Colorful Mural in Mogao Caves

In ancient times, Dunhuang was the center of trade between China and its western neighbors. At that time, it was the most westerly frontier military garrison in China. With the flourishing of trade along the Silk Road, Dunhuang was prompted to become the most open area in international trade in Chinese history. It provided the only access westward for the Chinese Empire and eastward for western nationalities. Today, as a reminder of this historical area, we are left with the Mogao Cave, Yangguan Pass, Yumenguan Pass and many wonderful Chinese poems depicting the time. Although what remains of the two Passes are crumbling walls, one can still experience the atmosphere of that time while visiting in person.

Crescent Lake

Today, Dunhuang is a typical tourist city, clean and beautiful. Because of its splendid stone caves, tourism has become an indispensable industry to Dunhuang City. Surrounding establishments include various classes of hotels and restaurants for your choosing. As well, tourism personnel are knowledgeable and well trained these days. For a western city in China, it has become more accesible for people to come and go as they please. Transportation is much more efficient, ensuring that your wonderful trip runs smoothly. May to September is the best time to visit, so be sure to plan your trip during these months. Including Dunhuang City in your tour is a decision you won’t regret!

Echoing-Sand Mountain

Dunhuang City, an obvious pearl on the Silk Road, opens her arms to welcome tourists from all over the world.

Tianjin is a good choice as a travel destination. With its cool sea breeze and fresh sea air you will definitely feel refreshed. Historical relics, natural scenery, temples, churches, assembly halls and commemorative sites of the Chinese revolution will illuminate Tianjin’s past, present and future. Tianjin is honored as ’Building Museum’ as it was occupied by nine imperial powers before the founding of the new China, leaving behind many buildings with extraordinary and exotic architectural styles, a real feast for the eye! In the following text let me give you a brief introduction to the Jinmen Shijing (top ten scenic attractions in Tianjin).

Huangyaguan Great Wall
Huangyaguan Great Wall is an important military project of the Northern Qi Dynasty (550-577) and is located at the juncture of four cities, Beijing, Tianjin, Tangshan and Chengde and is a wonderful example of ancient Chinese military engineering.

Jinmen Guli
Jinmen Guli means old place in Tianjin for the reason that Jinmen is another name for Tianjin and Guli implies old place. Actually Jinmen Guli is a street, Ancient Cultural Street (Gu Wenhua Jie). There are many stores along this street dealing in jade articles, antiques, traditional handicrafts, especially famous Niren Zhang painted sculptures and Weiji kites. What makes Gu Wenhua Jie so amazing is that buildings on both sides of this street imitate the architectural style of those in the Qing Dynasty (1644-1911).

Dule Temple

Dule Temple

Dule Temple is more than 1,000 years old and consists of a complex of grand structures. In Dule Temple you can see the oldest multi-storied wooden pavilion in China and the Kwan-yin statue, one of the biggest clay sculptures preserved in China.

Dagu Fort Built in 1858 close to the sea, Dagu Fort was used to protect the capital city of the Qing Dynasty, Beijing. If you ever visit Dagu Fort, there are other attractions around worthy your time as well, such as Haimen Bridge and Dagu Beacon.

Haihe River
Like a beautiful painting, Haihe River makes Tianjin City as charming as that seen in your imagination. In addition Haihe River Park and Wanghailou Church enhance Haihe River’s beauty in great deal. You shouldn’t miss the very appealing Haihe River at night as it surely will not disappoint.

Water Park
More than half of Water Park’s area is covered with water, which makes this park a lovely and special one. In the park there are twelve small islands connected by arched bridges and small mounds. Weeping willows along the waters edge and lotus flowers in the water make this a relaxing place to visit.

Mt. Panshan Scenic Area

Mt. Panshan Scenic Area

Panshan Mountain is a very famous attraction in Tianjin. It is blessed with strange rock formations, verdant trees, clear streams lakes and mighty peaks. Panshan Mountain is made up of Shang Pan which is famous for vigorous pine trees, Zhong Pan which is well-known for unique rocks and Xia Pan that is renowned for crystal clear stream water.

Zhonghuan Cailian (Charming Middle Beltway)
Zhonghuan is a beltway of Tianjin. High buildings, verdant trees, lovely flowers and parks are dotted along this beltway, which endows the whole city with a special glamour of modernity.

Hotel Street and Food Street
As a large city, Tianjin can indulge you with almost all eight of the classical Chinese cuisines, of which seven types can be enjoyed in Food Street, Shandong, Jiangsu, Sichuan, Anhui, Guangdong, Zhejiang and Hunan Cuisines. Undoubtedly each cuisine is a feast for your pallet. What’s more all the traditional Chinese constructions are also represented in this street making a feast for your eyes as well.

Stepping out of Food Street through Xingge Gate, its west gate, you will see the Hotel Street with a group of buildings modeled the architectural style of the Qing Dynasty and provide real enjoyment if staying in one of these hotels.

Tianjin TV & Radio Tower
Tianjin TV & Radio Tower is the fourth highest TV tower in the world after Toronto TV Tower in Canada, Moscow Tower in Russia, and Oriental Pearl TV Tower in Shanghai, China. It is located in Tianta Lake, like a sword thrusting into the sky. There is a restaurant in the tower at the height of 248 meters (about 814 feet) to 278 meters (about 912 feet) which can simultaneously accommodate more than 200 guests and providing a bird’s eye view of all Tianjin in this ’hanging restaurant’.

Other scenic spots in Tianjin worth visiting include Dabei Buddhist Monastery which is an important place of Buddhism, and Great Mosque, one of the most famous mosques in China.

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